Reaching More Men With HCT Testing Services

Figure1: Community Imbizo

“Men find it hard to go to a clinic when sick because they’re taught from a young age to be strong and persevere. They only end up getting help when the health condition is at its worst stage. Guys find it more difficult to go for an HIV test; you don’t want to be tested by someone you know. Having multiple partners is also a big hindrance to seeking health advice; one is unable to inform one’s partner about health issues because you’re not sure whether your partner is also affected or not.”

This is an extract from young men’s focus group discussion that sought to establish youth’s health service expectations and inputs in shaping and informing their health service needs.

The majority of HCT clients are tested through the provider initiated counselling and testing (PICT) in facilities. It is only a small proportion of the health facility attendees that are men and therefore the HCT statistics collected at facility level is skewed towards women and children.

It is for this reason that Beyond Zero developed a men’s HIV testing model; the model purports to maximise testing of men as an effort to reach the 909090 goals. The men testing program was therefore designed to: 

Number of clients tested: Target vs Actual
  • To scale up testing of men for HIV and TB
  • Increase number of eligible men initiated on ART or linked to care
  • Perform targeted HCT in men to increase testing positivity rate

Over a six months period Beyond Zero deployed roving teams to test at community level. We targeted facilities with low HCT uptake at Amatole district and Buffalo City Metro. Purposeful sampling of sites with high burden of HIV and TB was conducted. HCT focal community testing points for men included community imbizos (meetings), pre-circumcision screening sites, high volume facilities and institutions of higher learning (universities and Colleges). Testing of men was done solely by the males.

Number of positive clients linked to care

Beyond Zero successfully reached more than 90% of the men targeted for testing in the Amatole and Buffalo City districts of the Eastern Cape. More than 90% of men who tested positive were successfully linked to care.


Men are amenable to HCT testing when testing is conducted by male testing teams, who understand but not necessarily know them, as well as getting them in an environment where they feel comfortable. Through intensive consultations in rural areas that involve traditional leadership structures, community entry and programme buy-in, it is feasible to test them in numbers.